Georgia sits at the junction of east and west, located on the east coast of the Black sea in the south Caucasus. It shares borders with Russia in the north and Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan in the south. Mountains and valleys, wide basins, health spas with mineral waters, caves and waterfalls are combined in this land of varied landscapes and striking beauty. The capital, Tbilisi, stands on the banks of the river Mtkvari, and is a blend of modern and historic architecture, bridges spanning the river, hilltop cathedrals, and an old city with remnants of the days the Soviet Union controlled the country. With its warm climate, stone houses built around vine-draped courtyards, and winding streets, the city has a lively, almost Mediterranean feel to it.
Georgia has benefited from the advantages of a comparatively mild climate, a fertile soil, natural resources, a diversity of flora and fauna, which were very advantageous to its earliest inhabitants, dating back to the early Paleolithic era.
The inhabitants of Georgia have often fought to maintain their independence and national identity over the centuries. In struggling with outside influences from Achaemenid and Sassanian Persia, Greek and Roman, Persian and Arabs, Seljuk, Ottoman and Russia , Georgia managed to preserve its unique identity and culture.
The name of the Georgian nation derived from the indigenous proto – Georgian tribes Karts, who emerged in the eastern part of Georgia along the river Mtkvari, in the 8th – 7th C BC. People of this land are called Kart-veli and the land Sa- kartvelo. Greek travelers and colonists had seen the people working on the land with developed agriculture and viniculture and had called inhabitants of the area Georgians, from the Greek word geos (earth).
Discover this gem in the crossroads of east and west with Caravan-Serai Tours. Visit Georgia on a stand-alone tour, or combine it with a visit to one or more of its neighbors. We offer a regular departure Caucasus Tour, and we can coordinate independent, private tours for you.