Tunisia’s strategic location on the northern coast of Africa have long attracted conquerors throughout the ages. Its proximity to Sicily and Sardinia meant millennia of European incursions, but this land on the edge of the Sahara Desert also attracted people from lands further away.
The most famous city of Carthage is thought to have been founded by a princess from Tyre, Lebanon, named Dido. She was the first to settle among the native people and founded Carthage in the 9th century BCE. The city quickly grew to be a major Mediterranean power, and that attracted rivals, most notably, Rome. They fought several wars, but in the end, Rome prevailed and destroyed Carthage, razing it to the ground in the 2nd century BCE. Rome ruled for another 500 years. Arab conquerors arrived in the 7th century and converted the native Berbers to Islam. The land was ruled by successive Islamic dynasties until being taken over by French colonial rule in the late 19th century.
After achieving independence in 1956, Tunisia mostly pursued a progressive social agenda and sought to modernize its economy under two long-serving presidents, Habib Bourguiba and Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali. However, Tunisia remained an authoritarian state with an all-powerful ruling party and no significant institutions of representative government.
This came to an end in early 2011 after the popular uprising against corruption and authoritarian rule called the Jasmine Revolution caused Ben Ali to flee. It was also the spark of the popular uprisings across most of North Africa and the Middle East. Democratic elections have been held in Tunisia, and the transition to representative democracy, while not perfect, has been more successful here than in other countries in the region.
Tunisian society is very diverse, and Christians and Jews have lived among the Muslim majority for centuries. The old and the new are present in cities like the capitol of Tunis where the traditional Arab souk resides among modern office buildings. The tree and cafe-lined main boulevard in the city could be anywhere in southern Europe.
Tunisia has long been a popular holiday destination for Europeans and more and more Americans. Vacations in Tunisia can take many forms – a beach holiday, exploring ancient Roman and Punic ruins, discover the Berber culture, wander through extensive oases, Enjoy the beaches, but also enjoy the history and culture of this North African gem.
Georgia sits at the junction of east and west, located on the east coast of the Black sea in the south Caucasus. It shares borders with Russia in the north and Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan in the south. Mountains and valleys, wide basins, health spas with mineral waters, caves and waterfalls are combined in this land of varied landscapes and striking beauty. The capital, Tbilisi, stands on the banks of the river Mtkvari, and is a blend of modern and historic architecture, bridges spanning the river, hilltop cathedrals, and an old city with remnants of the days the Soviet Union controlled the country. With its warm climate, stone houses built around vine-draped courtyards, and winding streets, the city has a lively, almost Mediterranean feel to it.
Georgia has benefited from the advantages of a comparatively mild climate, a fertile soil, natural resources, a diversity of flora and fauna, which were very advantageous to its earliest inhabitants, dating back to the early Paleolithic era.
The inhabitants of Georgia have often fought to maintain their independence and national identity over the centuries. In struggling with outside influences from Achaemenid and Sassanian Persia, Greek and Roman, Persian and Arabs, Seljuk, Ottoman and Russia , Georgia managed to preserve its unique identity and culture.
The name of the Georgian nation derived from the indigenous proto – Georgian tribes Karts, who emerged in the eastern part of Georgia along the river Mtkvari, in the 8th – 7th C BC. People of this land are called Kart-veli and the land Sa- kartvelo. Greek travelers and colonists had seen the people working on the land with developed agriculture and viniculture and had called inhabitants of the area Georgians, from the Greek word geos (earth).
Discover this gem in the crossroads of east and west with Caravan-Serai Tours. Visit Georgia on a stand-alone tour, or combine it with a visit to one or more of its neighbors. We offer a regular departure Caucasus Tour, and we can coordinate independent, private tours for you.
Georgia has so much to offer visitors. Enjoy the natural beauty of this mountainous and verdant country, revel in the lively nightlife of Tbilisi, enjoy wines made in a 9,000 year old traditional process, dine on savory and sweet foods fresh from the farmers market to your table and more. Enjoy cultural and culinary, adventures, hike or ski in the mountains, and enjoy the beaches of the Black Sea. No matter what your interests are, you will find something in Georgia to excite you.
Below are a selection of books about Georgia – history, culture, travel, international relations, food and language – available on Amazon. These are just suggestions to help you familiarize yourself a bit before you travel. Of course there are many more books to read on the subject, but hopefully these will get you started.
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Use this form to contact us regarding travel to Georgia or any of our destinations. You can also call us at 206-545-7300.
Home to one of the world’s oldest civilizations, Iran will leave you sated with culture and history. The warmth of her people, the beauty of Iran’s natural world, and the magnificence of the monuments will make you wonder why you waited so long to succumb to her allure.
Caravan-Serai Tours has been leading groups to Iran since 1999. Our staff have all visited Iran, and we know the ins and outs of travel there for Americans. Iran is an amazing destination, not to be missed! We offer group and private custom tours. If you are interested in a custom tour, just give us a call.
Travel to Iran for Americans is possible and just takes a little planning. Caravan-Serai Tours has been taking clients to Iran for over 20 years. Join one of our set group departures or let us create a private tour just for you or your group. Whether you are interested in seeing the highlights and getting an overview of Iranian history in a week, or want a more in-depth look at the culture, history, cuisine, and encounters with Iranians of all walks of life over a month, we can arrange it for you.
Please keep in mind that the visa process takes time, so we must be able to apply for it about 90 days before you plan to travel. The visa process for Americans is a 2-step process: first applying for the authorization (usually the most time-consuming part of the process!) and second is getting the visa stamp in your passport. If you are not traveling with an American passport, you may be able to get your visa on arrival but will still require authorization. Just contact us with any questions about travel to Iran and we are happy to answer them.
This can seem a bit intimidating for women travelers, but in reality, it’s easy to find clothing that will be appropriate for wear in Iran. Women are wearing loose, comfortable pants with tops that go below their hips, and at least 3/4 length sleeves, and scarves. Men can wear short sleeved shirts but no tank tops or shorts.
Suggested Pre-Trip Reading
Below are a selection of books about Iran – history, culture, travel, international relations, food and language – available on Amazon. These are just suggestions to help you familiarize yourself a bit before you travel. Of course there are many more books to read on the subject, but hopefully these will get you started.
As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases.
Azerbaijan is a former Soviet Republic located on the western shores of the Caspian Sea, tucked in between the sea and the Caucasus Mountains. It is bordered by Russia, Georgia, Armenia, and Iran, and has been part of the Russian and Persian Empires. It is a small country made wealthy by oil, amazing and unique architecture, a vibrant old city and shining modern city in Baku, rolling green hills, traditions, and a beautiful landscape of mountains and the sea. Visit Azerbaijan for the history, the vibrant nightlife, the natural beauty, and of course, to meet the people.
Caravan-Serai has a variety of tours available for you to explore the best that Azerbaijan has to offer. Multi-country tours, culinary, wine, highlights, and more. We can do custom tours, bird watching tours, group and private tours.
Below are a selection of books about Azerbaijan – history, culture, travel, international relations, food and language – available on Amazon. These are just suggestions to help you familiarize yourself a bit before you travel. Of course there are many more books to read on the subject, but hopefully these will get you started.
As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases.
Use this form to contact us regarding travel to Azerbaijan or any of our destinations. You can also call us at 206-545-7300.
At Caravan-Serai, we are experts in Egypt tours and travel. We can plan as much or as little as you need for your Egypt vacation. Explore Cairo, Alexandria, Aswan, Luxor, the Red Sea resorts, and more. We can also combine Egypt with a visit to another country such as Israel or Jordan, both are very easy add-ons! Give us a call or contact us with any questions to to begin booking your Egypt exploration today.
Hi Rita – on behalf of the Nile Cruise 2023 clan we thank you for setting up a wonderful trip with our very knowledgeable and entertaining and storytelling guide, Yasir Wahab! The trip was flawless with all our various schedules and desires being coordinated by Yasir and team.
~Sincerely Nabil, Manal & Will, Osama, Dina, Maha, Nihad & Hamed, Omar & Samar, Shamel & Nareen
If you, like so many others, dream of seeing the real land of the pharaohs, there has never been a better time. Tourism is encouraged and welcomed by the government and the people of Egypt.
Egypt has been, and continues to be one of the most celebrated countries in North Africa. Incredibly rich in archaeological wonders, cultural flavors and recreational options, Egypt is without a doubt high on the list of any seasoned traveler who intends to visit the highlights of the world in his or her lifetime.
Egypt’s archaeological treasures are second only to its people. When chatting with people in the street, in the hotel, and in the shops, you will find that the people of Egypt are unaffectedly friendly. Making time to meet new friends is the best way to reap the rewards of this country. Egypt is as ready to welcome the visitor as it has been in the past. With its waves of conquests and settlers, Egypt has constantly reached out, but always gives back something in return. The key to understanding Egypt is realizing that it is not merely a museum with inhabitants, but a constantly evolving culture.
Egypt comprises some 1,002,000 square kilometers and consists of four clearly defined geographic regions: the Nile Valley, the Western Desert, the Eastern Desert, and the Sinai Peninsula.
Below are a selection of books about Egypt – history, culture, travel, international relations, food and language – available on Amazon. These are just suggestions, and may be available elsewhere, to help you familiarize yourself a bit before you travel. Of course there are many more books to read on the subject, but hopefully these will get you started.
Use this form to contact us regarding travel to Egypt or any of our destinations. You can also call us at 206-545-7300.